The driver and front passenger airbags provide effective protection for the head and upper-torso area, preventing contact with the steering wheel and dashboard. In a head-on collision, you have the best possible protection.
The principle behind the function of the front airbags for driver and passenger is very simple: in the event of an impact with a force greater than the safe threshold, the airbag sensors activate a substance that causes the airbags to instantly inflate. Within a fraction of a second, the airbags form a protective cushion over the steering wheel and dashboard, significantly reducing the risk of cranial and upper body injuries.
The two-stage gas generator enables the airbag to be inflated to match the strength of the impact. In a high-impact accident, the airbags are inflating more quickly and to their fullest extent, to provide maximum protection. If the collision is less severe, inflation is not as instantaneous, meaning that the airbags can cushion the occupants more gently.
However severe the impact, the airbags are always inflated in such a way to ensure that neither driver nor passenger has contact with the steering wheel or instrument panel. The front passenger airbag does not inflate if the passenger seat is empty, reducing the replacement and repairs costs after the accident.